How To Write A Quality Abstract For Submission To Unite For Sight's Global Health & Innovation Conference

Abstracts must demonstrate results-oriented research, and data is therefore crucial. Research is a vehicle for creating knowledge. Drawing incorrect conclusions from research, particularly in health related studies, can have an impact on findings themselves, but more importantly on the implications and recommendations for improving patient care or community programs.

What is an example of a low quality abstract that is without data?

Example of a low quality abstract: HIV prevalence is high among women in Country A, but there is little research about HIV/AIDS perceptions in the region, and there are few educational programs about HIV. This study involved in-depth interviews with 150 women in each of three villages in Country A, followed by an educational intervention and post-intervention interviews. To be eligible, the women had to be married and at least eighteen years old. Prior to the educational intervention, the women reported awareness about HIV, and most correctly identified that HIV is sexually transmitted. The analysis demonstrated statistically significant improvements in knowledge about preventing HIV after the educational intervention. The post-intervention interviews revealed that 82% of participants felt that the intervention was beneficial. These results suggest that educating women is an effective way of increasing awareness about and reducing the prevalence of HIV.

Why is this abstract considered low quality?

How should the abstract be revised?

According to the World Health Organization, HIV prevalence is ___% among women in Country A. This study involved in-depth interviews with 150 women in each of three villages in Country A who were married, at least eighteen years old, and enrolled in self-help groups. Each woman participated in an in-depth interview to assess understandings and perceptions about HIV. ____% of the women reported knowing at least one person in the community with HIV, and ____% stated that a member of the household has been diagnosed with HIV. ____% self-reported an HIV diagnosis, though HIV tests were not administered to confirm this value. ___% correctly identified that HIV is sexually transmitted. Within one week after the interview, the 50 women in each village gathered for a 2-hour lecture educational intervention that was implemented by local community health workers who are employed by a local primary care clinic. After the educational intervention, ____% correctly identified that HIV is sexually transmitted, and ____% demonstrated an understanding that condoms can help prevent HIV. ___% properly explained how to utilize a condom. The data demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in knowledge about HIV, though this study did not assess the application of this knowledge by the women participants. These results suggest that lecture-oriented educational programs implemented by community health workers may raise awareness about HIV prevention.

Why is this abstract considered high quality?

Every sentence in this abstract is supported by data.

What is the difference between outputs and outcomes? Why must outcomes be included in descriptions of program models?

An example of an output is the number of program participants who are enrolled in a job training program. An example of an outcome is the number of program participants who have been able to coordinate a job due to the job training program. While outputs are important to track, evaluation needs to focus on measuring outcomes that reveal the extent and kinds of impact the project has on its participants. Impact could be reported in the amount of change in behavior, attitude, skills, knowledge or condition of the target population. For example, an output would be the number of microfinance loans distributed or the number of loans repaid, whereas the outcome would be the number of microfinance participants who have significantly increased their income or risen out of poverty due to the loans.  Additional details are described in depth at

Qualitative Research

Suggestions and instructions for submitting abstracts for qualitative research may be found here: