Summary of Research Results: Alim Ramji

Unite For Sight Global Impact Fellow volunteers frequently pursue public health research studies in Unite For Sight's Global Impact Lab program. The research topics are developed by Unite For Sight and the partner eye clinics, the research studies are approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB), and the research findings are submitted to the eye clinic partners for program development.

Alim Ramji, "Patient Familiarity With Cataract Surgery"

Studies were conducted in Ghana, Honduras, and India to examine potential patient barriers to cataract surgery.

A survey of 52 patients in Ghana found that 85% of participants reported no prior knowledge about the option of sight restoration. Nearly 90% did not know of others with cataracts, and over 75% of participants did not know of others who had undergone cataract surgery.

Another survey of 29 patients in Honduras showed a similar lack of knowledge about sight restoration. However, most participants (69%) knew of others with cataracts, and over 60% knew of others who had undergone cataract surgery. High willingness in this patient population (70%) suggested that familiarity with others who had surgery was a positive factor in the decision to undergo surgery.

A smaller survey of 19 patients in India provided a glimpse of patient population, in which approximately half lacked knowledge of sight restoration processes, and those that had knowledge mentioned the options of operation, medication, and surgery. Only 42% of survey participants knew of others with cataracts, and even less (approximately 30%) were familiar with others who had undergone cataract surgery. This study demonstrated high willingness to undergo surgery (84%), but further study is needed to corroborate findings from a small sample size.