Summary of Research Results: Connie Yang

Unite For Sight Global Impact Fellow volunteers frequently pursue public health research studies in Unite For Sight's Global Impact Lab program. The research topics are developed by Unite For Sight and the partner eye clinics, the research studies are approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB), and the research findings are submitted to the eye clinic partners for program development.

Connie Yang, "Understanding Perceptions of Eyeglasses in Honduras"

This study assessed the level of correct knowledge about the purpose of eyeglasses among ZOE Eye Clinic patients in Honduras who received care through Unite For Sight’s outreach programs. Data was collected from 90 adult patients at the ZOE Eye Clinic. Participants were asked five questions about the function of eyeglasses, and on average, patients answered 3.16 questions correctly. Most patients, for example, thought that eyeglasses could alleviate itchy eyes, treat physical trauma, and ameliorate cataracts. An analysis of variance indicated that poverty level was significantly related to patients’ understanding of eyeglasses, with wealthier patients demonstrating superior understanding of the purpose of glasses. A multiple regression revealed that this relationship holds true even when controlling for other sociodemographic characteristics and the patient’s familiarity with eyeglasses. Surprisingly, patients who had used glasses previously did not demonstrate better understanding than patients who had never used glasses. Identifying widespread misunderstanding regarding the purpose of eyeglasses will allow Unite For Sight partners to better address patients’ misconceptions.  Further research is needed into both the effect that this misinformation may have on health outcomes and the efficacy of educational interventions that might address this issue.