Summary of Research Results: Jonathan Curtis

Unite For Sight Global Impact Fellow volunteers frequently pursue public health research studies in Unite For Sight's Global Impact Lab program. The research topics are developed by Unite For Sight and the partner eye clinics, the research studies are approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB), and the research findings are submitted to the eye clinic partners for program development.

Jonathan Curtis, “Risk factors, patient knowledge, attitudes, and self-care practices associated with eye infections among outreach patients in southern Ghana"

A survey was conducted among 114 patients in southern Ghana who were diagnosed with an eye infection by the local eye doctors. Over half of the study participants complained of itching, and approximately 68% of patients were diagnosed with conjunctivitis. Sixty-three % of the patients reported that their eye problems interfered with daily activities. Fifty % of the participants reported that they did not know the cause of their eye condition, while others reported perceived reasons such as farming, smoke, particular foods and animals, rubbing, scratching, among others.

The ability to self-administer the prescribed eye drops was promising. 71% of participants reported that they had previously used eye drops, and 93% said that they did not believe that they would have problems with eye drop use. When assessed for accuracy in use, nearly 90% of the participants had accurate knowledge of the frequency and quantity of drop administration, and 83% of participants demonstrated proper administration of their eye drops.